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533 documents | 533 pages
Topic :
Bamboo beating 笞杖
Benches, beds and barrels
Cage 籠
Cangue 枷

Chains and ropes (outdoor)
Cutting at the waist 腰斬
Decapitation 斬刑
Deportations 徒流軍遣

Execution ground and around
Executioners 劊子手
Heads exposed 梟示
Hell 地獄

Judicial Torture 拷問
Lingchi 凌遲

Police and arrests
Press and squeezers
Prison and fetters

Strangulation 絞刑
Supplice (esthetic representation of)
Torture tools 刑問具

Various cruelties

Copyright: Turandot

ID: 336
Ressource_Provider: Jérôme Bourgon
Title: Strangulation
DocumentNature: Watercolor
Repository: Turandot
Color: Color
Topic: Strangulation 絞刑
THE usual capital punishments in China are strangling, and beheading. The former is the most common, and is decreed against those, who are found guilty of crimes, which, however capital, are only held in the second rank of atrocity. For instance, all acts of homicide, whether intentional or accidental; every species of fraud, committed upon government: the seduction of a woman, whether married or single; giving abusive language to a parent, plundering or defacing a burying-place; robbing with destructive weapons: and for wearing pearls. It would not, perhaps, be possible to form any probable conjecture of the motive, which has induced the Chinese legislators to attach the pain of death to the wearing of a precious gem. The fact is, therefore, only stated from the information of various writers, and remains to be explained by some future commentator.
Criminals are sometimes strangled with a bow-string, but on general occasions, a cord is made use of, which fastens the person to a cross,
and one turn being taken round his neck, it is drawn tight by an athletic executioner.
Men of distinction, are usually strangled, as the more honourable death; and where the Emperor is inclined to shew an extraordinary mark of attention towards a mandarin, condemned to die, he sends him a silken cord, with permission to be his own executioner.
Il y a deux manières ordinaires en Chine de punir de mort; on étrangle, ou on coupe la tête. La première est la plus commune; elle est décernée contre ceux, qui sont jugés coupables de crimes, qui, quoique dignes de mort, ne sont mis qu'au sécond rang des atrocités. Par exemple, tout homicide, soit volontaire, soit par accident; toute espèce de fraude contre le gouvernement; séduire une femme, ou mariée ou libre; outrager des paroles son père, ou son mère; piller, ou dégrade, un tombeau violer avec des armes; porter des perles. Il ne seroit, peut-être, pas possible de deviner, avec probabilité, le motif, qui a porté les legislateurs de la Chine, à prononcer la peine de mort, pour porter une pierre précieuse: le fait est établi par différents auteurs, mais on attend encore l'éclaircissement de quelques commentateurs. Les criminels sont quelquefois étranglés avec la corde d'un arc; mais en général, on fait usage d'une corde, qui attache le patient sur une croix, on le lui passe autour du col, et un exécuteur robuste la serre avec force.
Les personnes de distinction sont ordinairement étranglés; c'est la mort la phis honorable. Lorsque l'Empereur est porté à donner une marque extraordinaire de son attention a un mandarin condamné à mort, il lui envoye un cordon de soie, avec la permission de s'exécuter lui-même.
Keyword: strangulation, rope

  1:Name: MASON, George Henry, Pu-qùa (ill.), DADLEY (grav.) The Punishments of China, Illustrated by Twenty-two Engravings with Explanations in English and French

Related Replication (1)

1  Ressource_Provider: Jérôme Bourgon
    Title: Crucifixion-like strangulation
    Information: This common way of representing the punishment of strangulation (jiao 絞) is likely to proceed from iconographic models than from real practice. More realistic views show, and some photographs, show that the various poles used with the garrote were not shaped like the Christian cross. The same model might have inspired these images, and the crucifixion-like decapitations or lingchi.

Related VisualSet (1)

1  Title: The Punishments of China, Illustrated by Twenty-two Engravings with Explanations in English and French
    DocumentNature: Engraving

Derniére modification le : 2006-12-12

  Directeur éditorial: Jérôme Bourgon / IAO: Institut d'Asie Orientale
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